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Dollar rally stalls after rare FX warning from finance chiefs

Thursday,   18-Apr-2024   01:53 PM (IST)

The dollar fell for a second day on Thursday after a rare warning by the finance chiefs of the United States, Japan and Korea over the sharp decline in other currencies, which in turn offered the yen some rare respite. The yen got a modest lift after Japan's top currency diplomat Masato Kanda said finance leaders of the G7 reaffirmed their stance that excessive currency volatility was undesirable. Strong U.S. economic data and persistent inflation have prompted investors to drastically rethink the chances of the Federal Reserve cutting rates any time soon. Tensions in the Middle East have also added to the dollar's safe-haven appeal. The upshot has been other currencies, particularly in Asia, have been battered. The yen has been pinned near 34-year lows, which has prompted several warnings from Japanese authorities as traders fret about possible intervention. The U.S., Japan and South Korea agreed to "consult closely" on foreign exchange markets in their first trilateral finance dialogue on Wednesday, in a nod to concerns from Tokyo and Seoul over their currencies' recent sharp declines. The Japanese currency strengthened to 153.96 to the dollar on Thursday, which nudged down 0.1% to 154.27, within sight of Tuesday's 34-year low of 154.79. Market participants have raised the bar on possible intervention by Japanese authorities to prop up the yen, now pinpointing the 155 level from 152 previously, even if they believed Japan could step in at any time. The yen has lost some 8.3% in value against the dollar in 2024, but it has fallen against other currencies as well, down nearly 5% against the euro and down almost 7% against the Chinese yuan. Japan last intervened in the currency market in late 2022, spending an estimated $60 billion to defend the yen. The euro, meanwhile, edged up 0.1% to $1.068, after Wednesday's 0.5% gain, pulling away from a five-month low touched on Tuesday. Sterling was last up 0.1% at $1.2467. The dollar index , which measures the U.S. currency against six others, was last down 0.12% but still within reach of this week's five-and-a-half-month high of 106.51 hit on Tuesday. The index is up 4.5% this year. Markets are barely pricing in half a percentage point in cuts from the Fed this year, compared with an expectation for at least six quarter-point cuts at the start of the year. Traders see September as the most likely starting point, compared with June just a couple of weeks ago, based on the CME FedWatch Tool. U.S. economic activity expanded slightly from late February through early April and firms signalled they expect inflation pressure to hold steady, a Federal Reserve survey showed on Wednesday. Fed Governor Michelle Bowman on Wednesday said progress on slowing U.S. inflation may have stalled, and it remains an open question whether rates are high enough to ensure inflation returns to the Fed's 2% target.